The Process of Individual Decision-Making in Non-Standard Situations: A Theoretical Aspect: Theoretical and Neuropsychological Aspects

Oksana KHURTENKO, Natalia MILORADOVA, Olena MAKAROVA, Hryhorii DZHAHUPOV, Kseniia BEREZIAK, Tetyana KRAVCHENKO

Abstract


The importance of knowing the processes of choice, decision-making is determined by the objective role that they play in the organization of human activity. An important feature of man is his unique ability to make decisions in the most difficult conditions of activity, which are characterized by high uncertainty, the presence of many inconsistent criteria, lack of time, high responsibility and more. The target effectiveness of the decision can be assessed only after its implementation, but the prediction of potential decisions is possible only if the study of its neuropsychological mechanisms. Cost-effectiveness is characterized by intellectual, physical, neuropsychological and material costs of decision-making. The non-standard situation, as a rule, seeks to reduce cost-effectiveness, because in this case the solutions are achieved by the exertion of intellectual, emotional and physical forces and is determined by the ability of the individual to act in such an environment. The neuropsychological mechanisms of such decisions are of interest to science in terms of ensuring the adequacy and timing of such decisions, which is hypothetically related to the morphological and psychoneurological characteristics of the subjects of action. In the context of our study, it is important to conduct a thorough psychological analysis of different types of unusual situations in the coach and find ways to improve the effectiveness of decisions, which primarily depends on the level of psychological readiness of the individual to perform its.

Keywords


selection process; human activity; neurophysiology; neuropsychological factors; high uncertainty; lack of time; high responsibility; the most difficult conditions of activity;

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