Communication Techniques in Psychological and Pedagogical Counseling in the Context of the Cognitive-Behavioral Approach

Yuliia Chystovska, Andrey Kernas, Myroslava Kulesha-Liubinets, Natalia Kovalenko, Maryna Fedorenko, Olena Medianova



The article reveals the importance of psychological counseling - competent assistance of a psychologist to one or more clients in finding solutions to problems, taking into account the peculiarities of the psyche and ways of professional or personal improvement. Important in counseling behavioral and cognitive approaches. In the early stages of development, human and cognitive approaches develop separately from each other, but already in the first theories of human knowledge it is possible to explore motives for organizing knowledge: indeed, the use of cognitive processes is necessary to change behavior - this view is already heard in Tolman's concept of "cognitive maps". Note that psychologists also focus on the need for action at a higher level. Today's theories deal with cognitive and behavioral processes, so they often emphasize a unified cognitive-bihevioral approach rather than on two separate parts. The article provides concepts and describes the principles of the cognitive-bihevioral approach; defines the tasks of psychotherapy and counseling according to the humanistic approach; presents categories of irrationality of opinions in the context of the cognitive-bihevioral approach of counseling; offers communication techniques in psychological and pedagogical counseling in the context of the cognitive-bihevioral approach.


cognitive psychology, life skills counseling, methodological behaviorism, cognitive behavioral psychologists, categories of irrationality of opinions

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